© De Ruwe Filip

Shorebirds of conservation concern

Within the boundaries of the geographic area of the African – Eurasian Shorebird Survey, there are several native Critically Endangered, Endangered, Vulnerable as well as Near Threatened shorebird species. The IUCN Red List reviews the classification of these species annually.

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Sociable Lapwing Vanellus gregarius

Spoon-billed Sandpiper Calidris pygmaea

Jerdon's Courser Rhinoptilus bitorquatus

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Hottentot Buttonquail Turnix hottentottus

Madagascan Jacana Actophilornis albinucha

Far Eastern Curlew Numenius madagascariensis

Great Knot Calidris tenuirostris

Moluccan Woodcock Scolopax rochussenii

Nordmann's Greenshank Tringa guttifer

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Sumba Buttonquail Turnix everetti

Madagascan Plover Charadrius thoracicus

St. Helena Plover Charadrius sanctaehelenae

Amami Woodcock Scolopax mira

Wood Snipe Gallinago nemoricola

Madagascan Snipe Gallinago macrodactyla

Madagascan Pratincole Glareola ocularis

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Great Stone-curlew Esacus recurvirostris

Beach Stone-curlew Esacus magnirostris

Eurasian Oystercatcher Haematopus ostralegus

Eastern Oystercatcher Haematopus osculans (?)

River Lapwing Vanellus duvaucelii

Northern Lapwing Vanellus vanellus

Javan Plover Charadrius javanicus

Malaysian Plover Charadrius peronii

Chestnut-banded Plover Charadrius pallidus

Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata

Bar-tailed Godwit Limosa lapponica

Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa

Red Knot Calidris canutus

Red-necked Stint Calidris ruficollis

Curlew Sandpiper Calidris ferruginea

Asian Dowitcher Limnodromus semipalmatus

Javan Woodcock Scolopax saturata

Sulawesi Woodcock Scolopax celebensis

Great Snipe Gallinago media

Grey-tailed Tattler Tringa brevipes

Black-winged Pratincole Glareola nordmanni

Taxonomic list of shorebirds

The Shorebird Conservation Society follows the IOC taxonomy for shorebirds. According to the IOC, the list below represents the best current knowledge of shorebird classification and taxonomy. We do, however, make some changes on the subspecies level what we think is needed for conservation purposes.

Buttonquail Turnicidae

Common Buttonquail Turnix sylvaticus

Red-backed Buttonquail Turnix maculosus

Fynbos Buttonquail Turnix hottentottus

Black-rumped Buttonquail Turnix nanus

Yellow-legged Buttonquail Turnix tanki

Spotted Buttonquail Turnix ocellatus

Barred Buttonquail Turnix suscitator

Madagascan Buttonquail Turnix nigricollis

Black-breasted Buttonquail Turnix melanogaster

Chestnut-backed Buttonquail Turnix castanotus

Buff-breasted Buttonquail Turnix olivii

Painted Buttonquail Turnix varius

Worcester's Buttonquail Turnix worcesteri

Sumba Buttonquail Turnix everetti

Red-chested Buttonquail Turnix pyrrhothorax

Little Buttonquail Turnix velox

Quail-plover Ortyxelos

Quail-plover Ortyxelos meiffrenii

Stone-curlews, Thick-knees Burhinidae

Eurasian Stone-curlew Burhinus oedicnemus

Indian Stone-curlew Burhinus indicus

Senegal Thick-knee Burhinus senegalensis

Water Thick-knee Burhinus vermiculatus

Spotted Thick-knee Burhinus capensis

Double-striped Thick-knee Burhinus bistriatus

Peruvian Thick-knee Burhinus superciliaris

Bush Stone-curlew Burhinus grallarius

Great Stone-curlew Esacus recurvirostris

Beach Stone-curlew Esacus magnirostris

Sheathbills Chionidae

Snowy Sheathbill Chionis albus

Black-faced Sheathbill Chionis minor

Magellanic Plover Pluvianellidae

Magellanic Plover Pluvianellus socialis

Oystercatchers Haematopodidae

Magellanic Oystercatcher Haematopus leucopodus

Blackish Oystercatcher Haematopus ater

Black Oystercatcher Haematopus bachmani

American Oystercatcher Haematopus palliatus

Galapagos Oystercatcher Haematopus p. galapagensis

Canary Islands Oystercatcher Haematopus meadewaldoi

African Oystercatcher Haematopus moquini

Western Oystercatcher Haematopus o. ostralegus
Eurasian Oystercatcher Haematopus o. longipes

Eastern Oystercatcher Haematopus osculans

South Island Oystercatcher Haematopus finschi

Pied Oystercatcher Haematopus longirostris

Variable Oystercatcher Haematopus unicolor

Chatham Oystercatcher Haematopus chathamensis

Sooty Oystercatcher Haematopus fuliginosus

Ibisbill Ibidorhynchidae

Ibisbill Ibidorhyncha struthersii

Stilts, Avocets, Recurvirostridae

Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus

Pied Stilt Himantopus leucocephalus

Black-necked Stilt Himantopus mexicanus

White-backed Stilt Himantopus melanurus

Black Stilt Himantopus novaezelandiae

Banded Stilt Cladorhynchus leucocephalus

Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta

American Avocet Recurvirostra americana

Red-necked Avocet Recurvirostra novaehollandiae

Andean Avocet Recurvirostra andina

Plovers Charadriidae

Northern Lapwing Vanellus vanellus

Long-toed Lapwing Vanellus crassirostris

Blacksmith Lapwing Vanellus armatus

Spur-winged Lapwing Vanellus spinosus

River Lapwing Vanellus duvaucelii

Black-headed Lapwing Vanellus tectus

Yellow-wattled Lapwing Vanellus malabaricus

White-crowned Lapwing Vanellus albiceps

Senegal Lapwing Vanellus lugubris

Black-winged Lapwing Vanellus melanopterus

Crowned Lapwing Vanellus coronatus

African Wattled Lapwing Vanellus senegallus

Spot-breasted Lapwing Vanellus melanocephalus

Brown-chested Lapwing Vanellus superciliosus

Grey-headed Lapwing Vanellus cinereus

Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus

Banded Lapwing Vanellus tricolor

Masked Lapwing Vanellus miles

Sociable Lapwing Vanellus gregarius

White-tailed Lapwing Vanellus leucurus

Southern Lapwing Vanellus chilensis

Andean Lapwing Vanellus resplendens

Red-kneed Dotterel Erythrogonys cinctus

Inland Dotterel Peltohyas australis

Wrybill Anarhynchus frontalis

European Golden Plover Pluvialis apricaria

Pacific Golden Plover Pluvialis fulva

American Golden Plover Pluvialis dominica

Grey Plover Pluvialis squatarola

New Zealand Plover Charadrius obscurus

Common Ringed Plover Charadrius hiaticula

Semipalmated Plover Charadrius semipalmatus

Long-billed Plover Charadrius placidus

Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius

Wilson's Plover Charadrius wilsonia

Killdeer Charadrius vociferus

Piping Plover Charadrius melodus

Madagascan Plover Charadrius thoracicus

Kittlitz's Plover Charadrius pecuarius

St. Helena Plover Charadrius sanctaehelenae

Three-banded Plover Charadrius tricollaris

Forbes's Plover Charadrius forbesi

White-fronted Plover Charadrius marginatus

Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus

White-faced Plover Charadrius dealbatus

Snowy Plover Charadrius nivosus

Javan Plover Charadrius javanicus

Red-capped Plover Charadrius ruficapillus

Malaysian Plover Charadrius peronii

Chestnut-banded Plover Charadrius pallidus

Collared Plover Charadrius collaris

Puna Plover Charadrius alticola

Two-banded Plover Charadrius falklandicus

Double-banded Plover Charadrius bicinctus

Lesser Sand Plover Charadrius mongolus

Greater Sand Plover Charadrius leschenaultii

Caspian Plover Charadrius asiaticus

Oriental Plover Charadrius veredus

Eurasian Dotterel Charadrius morinellus

Rufous-chested Plover Charadrius modestus

Mountain Plover Charadrius montanus

Hooded Dotterel Thinornis cucullatus

Shore Dotterel Thinornis novaeseelandiae

Black-fronted Dotterel Elseyornis melanops

Tawny-throated Dotterel Oreopholus ruficollis

Diademed Sandpiper-Plover Phegornis mitchellii

Pied Plover Hoploxypterus cayanus


Egyptian Plover Pluvianidae

Egyptian Plover Pluvianus aegyptius


Painted-snipes Rostratulidae

Greater Painted-snipe Rostratula benghalensis

Australian Painted-snipe Rostratula australis

South American Painted-snipe Nycticryphes semicollaris

Jacana Jacanidae

Lesser Jacana Microparra capensis

African Jacana Actophilornis africanus

Madagascan Jacana Actophilornis albinucha

Comb-crested Jacana Irediparra gallinacea

Pheasant-tailed Jacana Hydrophasianus chirurgus

Bronze-winged Jacana Metopidius indicus

Northern Jacana Jacana spinosa

Wattled Jacana Jacana jacana


Plains-wanderer Pedionomidae

Plains-wanderer Pedionomus torquatus


Seedsnipes Thinocoridae

Rufous-bellied Seedsnipe Attagis gayi

White-bellied Seedsnipe Attagis malouinus

Grey-breasted Seedsnipe Thinocorus orbignyianus

Least Seedsnipe Thinocorus rumicivorus

Sandpipers, Snipes Scolopacidae

Upland Sandpiper Bartramia longicauda

Bristle-thighed Curlew Numenius tahitiensis

Eurasian Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus

Hudsonian Whimbrel Numenius hudsonicus

Little Curlew Numenius minutus

Eskimo Curlew Numenius borealis

Long-billed Curlew Numenius americanus

Far Eastern Curlew Numenius madagascariensis

Slender-billed Curlew Numenius tenuirostris

Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata

Bar-tailed Godwit Limosa lapponica

Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa

Hudsonian Godwit Limosa haemastica

Marbled Godwit Limosa fedoa

Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres

Black Turnstone Arenaria melanocephala

Tuamotu Sandpiper Prosobonia parvirostris

Kiritimati Sandpiper Prosobonia cancellata

Tahiti Sandpiper Prosobonia leucoptera

Moorea Sandpiper Prosobonia ellisi

Great Knot Calidris tenuirostris

Red Knot Calidris canutus

Surfbird Calidris virgata

Ruff Calidris pugnax

Broad-billed Sandpiper Calidris falcinellus

Sharp-tailed Sandpiper Calidris acuminata

Stilt Sandpiper Calidris himantopus

Curlew Sandpiper Calidris ferruginea

Temminck's Stint Calidris temminckii

Long-toed Stint Calidris subminuta

Spoon-billed Sandpiper Calidris pygmaea

Red-necked Stint Calidris ruficollis

Sanderling Calidris alba

Dunlin Calidris alpina

Rock Sandpiper Calidris ptilocnemis

Purple Sandpiper Calidris maritima

Baird's Sandpiper Calidris bairdii

Little Stint Calidris minuta

Least Sandpiper Calidris minutilla

White-rumped Sandpiper Calidris fuscicollis

Buff-breasted Sandpiper Calidris subruficollis

Pectoral Sandpiper Calidris melanotos

Semipalmated Sandpiper Calidris pusilla

Western Sandpiper Calidris mauri

Asian Dowitcher Limnodromus semipalmatus

Long-billed Dowitcher Limnodromus scolopaceus

Short-billed Dowitcher Limnodromus griseus

Eurasian Woodcock Scolopax rusticola

Amami Woodcock Scolopax mira

Javan Woodcock Scolopax saturata

New Guinea Woodcock Scolopax rosenbergii

Bukidnon Woodcock Scolopax bukidnonensis

Sulawesi Woodcock Scolopax celebensis

Moluccan Woodcock Scolopax rochussenii

American Woodcock Scolopax minor

Chatham Snipe Coenocorypha pusilla

North Island Snipe Coenocorypha barrierensis

South Island Snipe Coenocorypha iredalei

Snares Snipe Coenocorypha huegeli

Subantarctic Snipe Coenocorypha aucklandica

Jack Snipe Lymnocryptes minimus

Solitary Snipe Gallinago solitaria

Latham's Snipe Gallinago hardwickii

Wood Snipe Gallinago nemoricola

Pin-tailed Snipe Gallinago stenura

Swinhoe's Snipe Gallinago megala

African Snipe Gallinago nigripennis

Madagascan Snipe Gallinago macrodactyla

Great Snipe Gallinago media

Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago

Wilson's Snipe Gallinago delicata

South American Snipe Gallinago paraguaiae

Magellanic Snipe Gallinago magellanica

Puna Snipe Gallinago andina

Noble Snipe Gallinago nobilis

Giant Snipe Gallinago undulata

Fuegian Snipe Gallinago stricklandii

Jameson's Snipe Gallinago jamesoni

Imperial Snipe Gallinago imperialis

Terek Sandpiper Xenus cinereus

Wilson's Phalarope Phalaropus tricolor

Red-necked Phalarope Phalaropus lobatus

Red Phalarope Phalaropus fulicarius

Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos

Spotted Sandpiper Actitis macularius

Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus

Solitary Sandpiper Tringa solitaria

Wandering Tattler Tringa incana

Grey-tailed Tattler Tringa brevipes

Lesser Yellowlegs Tringa flavipes

Willet Tringa semipalmata

Common Redshank Tringa totanus

Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis

Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola

Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus

Common Greenshank Tringa nebularia

Nordmann's Greenshank Tringa guttifer

Greater Yellowlegs Tringa melanoleuca

Crab-plover Dromadidae

Crab-plover Dromas ardeola

Coursers, Pratincoles Glareolidae

Cream-colored Courser Cursorius cursor

Somali Courser Cursorius somalensis

Burchell's Courser Cursorius rufus

Temminck's Courser Cursorius temminckii

Indian Courser Cursorius coromandelicus

Double-banded Courser Rhinoptilus africanus

Three-banded Courser Rhinoptilus cinctus

Bronze-winged Courser Rhinoptilus chalcopterus

Jerdon's Courser Rhinoptilus bitorquatus

Australian Pratincole Stiltia isabella

Collared Pratincole Glareola pratincola

Oriental Pratincole Glareola maldivarum

Black-winged Pratincole Glareola nordmanni

Madagascan Pratincole Glareola ocularis

Rock Pratincole Glareola nuchalis

Grey Pratincole Glareola cinerea

Small Pratincole Glareola lactea



Gill, F & D Donsker (Eds). 2019. IOC World Bird List (v9.2). doi: 10.14344/IOC.ML.9.2. (Last accessed: 10/01/2021